Inclusion and Resilience: A Glimpse into Cuba’s Programs for the Blind


As a Cuban American whose parents emigrated from Cuba to the United States in the 1960s, visiting Cuba in 2012 was a deeply personal and nostalgic experience. It allowed me to reconnect with the birthplace of my parents and witness firsthand the remarkable progress made by Cuba's programs for the blind. In this article, I want to share my personal journey and shed light on the inclusive system developed in Cuba that can serve as an inspiration for other parts of the world.

A Personal Connection

My parents, hailing from Havana and Camagüey in Cuba, laid the foundation for my connection to Cuban culture and heritage. Their decision to leave their homeland and start anew in the United States was driven by a desire for freedom and opportunity. Returning to Cuba in 2012 gave me a sense of profound nostalgia and allowed me to engage with what I consider to be an advanced system of support for the blind community.

An Advanced System of Support

Cuba's programs for the blind exemplify a well-structured and comprehensive approach to inclusivity. Regardless of political considerations, the system in place showcases a commitment to empowering visually impaired individuals and providing them with the necessary tools to thrive. It is this aspect, stripped away from political debates, that holds valuable insights for other parts of the world.

Remarkable Progress

During my visit to Camagüey, I encountered blind individuals who demonstrated an impressive knowledge of technology, even though accessibility to such advancements was limited. Their resourcefulness and determination to stay informed highlighted the effectiveness of the programs in place even amidst the financial difficulties faced by the island nation.

The Inspiring Blind MD

One of the most inspiring encounters was with a blind medical doctor. His perspective challenged conventional limitations placed on blind individuals. He explained that while he lacked sight, his nurse acted as his eyes, allowing him to focus on his medical expertise. This down-to-earth approach exemplified the resilience and capabilities of blind individuals, demonstrating the power of an inclusive system.

Lessons for the World

Cuba's system for the blind emphasizes the importance of inclusive education, vocational training, employment opportunities, and access to assistive technologies. These aspects, irrespective of political affiliations, provide valuable insights for other countries seeking to enhance support for visually impaired individuals. By focusing on the positive achievements and structure of the programs, we can learn valuable lessons in creating inclusive societies.


My journey to Cuba and immersion in its programs for the blind allowed me to witness the remarkable progress made in creating an inclusive environment for visually impaired individuals. Stripped away from political debates, the Cuban system offers valuable lessons for the world in terms of education, employment, technology, and support. By appreciating the positive advancements made, we can strive for similar progress in other parts of the world, fostering inclusivity and empowerment for visually impaired individuals everywhere.